Hora Evel – Trauerhora (Funeral March)

Opus: 65 Year: 1938 
Symphonic Orchestra: 2,2,2,bcl,2-4,3,3,1-timp+3-st

Recording: Not yet available

Manuscripts: Located at the National Library of Israel Music Department, the Marc Lavry Archive, System Number(s) 990038438090205171, 990038438060205171

Lavry wrote his Symphony No. 1 three times.

In 1931 Lavry attempted to write his first symphony, Symphony No. 1, Op. 21. Even though he was already an accomplished composer, by the time he completed his work he felt it wasn’t compelling enough as his first symphony. He therefore turned it into two shorter compositions:
The second movement, Andante, became a new composition (with the same opus number) — Andante for Orchestra – Tefilah, Op. 21. Note: Tefilah is Hebrew for ‘prayer’.
The third movement, Allegro Maestoso, was turned into a symphonic poem, Ahasver (The Wandering Jew), Op. 23.

In 1938 he made his second attempt to write a symphony, Op. 65. The movements were: Allegro Molto, Trauermarsch (Trauerhora), Hora and Finale. He was not content with the result and kept the second movement only – Hora Evel – Trauerhora (Funeral March).
Note: The sheet music of the entire Symphony No. 1, Op. 65 is available at the National Library of Israel.

In 1943 he wrote Symphony No. 1 (The Tragic Symphony), Op. 171, which was inspired by the grave news from Europe about the Holocaust.

Musicologists agree that the latter, The Tragic Symphony, Op. 171, is the most mature of the three, and is considered one of the composer’s masterpieces.

Information from the composer’s opus book:

  • The Palestine Symphonic Orchestra – July 6, 1938